I’m sorry, but crocodiles and alligators are the same to me.
Technically, a tortoise is a tortoise – the latter is used as an umbrella term for the Testudine order’s over 200 species, which include species of tortoise, tortoise, and pond turtle. The main difference is that turtles live on land and are not equipped for water, which is why they have feet and no fins. Turtles also tend to have arched clams, while most turtles have streamlined clams to swim in.
These mammals are quite similar in temperament, intelligence, and habitat, but they have some physical differences! For example, dolphins are longer and slimmer; They have an elongated snout, a large mouth, and a curved dorsal fin. Porpoises are generally thicker, beakless, have a smaller mouth, and have dainty, triangular dorsal fin – some porpoises even have no fin at all!
Seals and seal lions are both pinnipedes – a suborder that includes species from real seals, fur seals, sea lions, and walruses – but they belong to different families and therefore have different physical characteristics. Sea lions are usually brown in color and can go ashore with their large fins. They also have visible ears as opposed to real seals which only have pierced ears. Real seals (as above) also have smaller fins and tend to squirm on their bellies on land. Fur seals see sea lions much closer, but have much thicker fur, are slightly smaller, and have shorter noses than sea lions.
Indeed, this is a scarlet tiger moth! Moths and butterflies both belong to an incredibly diverse order called the Lepidoptera. They look very similar and have many overlapping physical features. The only thing most scientists agree on that is different about them is their antennae. Butterflies have club-shaped antennae, often with a bulbous tip, while most moths have pinnate or tapered ones. When butterflies rest they usually fold their wings together while moths rest by their sides.
Bunnies, or jackrabbits, belong to the same family as rabbits, but they have some key differences. They are generally larger and faster than rabbits, their feet are larger, and they have slightly longer, black-tipped ears. Rabbits pick up their young above the ground so they are born with fur and can run almost instantly. Newborn rabbits are born blind with no fur, so they are raised in burrows underground.
In fact, it is a honeybee that looks remarkably similar to the most common genera of wasps – yellow jackets and hornets. Honey bees, however, have a small coat of downy hair on their upper body and are rounder than the aerodynamic shape of the average predatory wasp.
These two animals are actually very different. Anteaters are from the order of the Pilosa and are also composed of sloths, while aardvarks are the only living species within the order tubulidentata. The name anteater is sometimes colloquially applied to aardvark because of its similar diet, but aardvarks are quite unique, having a pig-like snout, long ears, and ever-growing cylindrical-shaped teeth. Anteaters are now toothless, with an elongated skull and huge bushy tail.
While it is definitely difficult to tell the difference between these two animals, there are some fairly simple differences between them. Mature llamas are much larger than their camelid cousins, they have large, curved ears, and their faces are longer and mostly hairless. Alpacas have flushed, fluffy faces and triangular, blunt ears.
Although both are crocodiles, crocodiles typically have a longer and narrower set of jaws that are V-shaped, while an alligator’s snout is thicker and U-shaped. Another reliable indicator to tell the difference between these cousins is their teeth – a crocodile’s jaws are the same size, so the lower teeth are visibly high and fit into the upper jaw when closed. In alligators, the upper jaw is wider than the lower jaw. When they close their mouths, the lower teeth are hidden.
These speckled big cats are damn impossible to separate visually, but there are certain distinctions to be made. Aside from the fact that jaguars live on completely different continents, they are actually larger and bulkier than leopards, they have shorter tails and, above all, smaller spots in the black rings on their fur.
The notorious honey badger and wolverine belong to the same Mustelidae (weasel) family and are the only remaining species of their respective species, but they are easy to distinguish. Wolverines are slightly larger with ears visible and a passing resemblance to bears, while the honey badger has rudimentary ear piercings and a flat black body with a wide, defined white stripe along its length – although some subspecies lack this distinct marking.
Although both are macropods (a taxonomic family of marsupials) and are native to Australasia, a wallaby differs from a kangaroo in that it is much smaller. Within the Macropodidae family, a kangaroo is one of the four largest species (up to 2 meters tall), and a wallaby is an umbrella term that covers pretty much everything else, including pademelons and quokkas, but not wallaroos. An agile wallaby like the one above will only grow to a maximum of 80 cm.
If you thought these names were synonymous you would be dead wrong! These nocturnal rodents are often kept as pets around the world, but hamsters are actually closer in terms of voles and lemmings, while gerbils are more similar to mice and rats. You can tell them apart by the fact that hamsters are more powerful than gerbils, which are longer, have pointed noses, and have a tail like a rat that can be seen.
Emus and ostriches both belong to the flightless group of flightless birds, but they actually come from separate taxonomic orders and are therefore very different. People always mix them up, but one key difference is that ostriches can get up to 3 meters tall while emus are 2 meters tall. Another important difference is that emus have three toes and ostriches only have two.
This is actually an emerald green tree boa. I will be forgiven if you get this wrong because these guys are very difficult to tell apart; In fact, pythons were once assigned to the Boidae (Boa) family! Not only do boas live on mutually exclusive continents, but they also have fewer bones in their heads and fewer teeth than a python. Pythons are also, on average, larger than boas, but both animals are considered raw because they haven’t evolved much in a long time.
The echidna is a wonderfully strange creature that is often brought into conflict with its rodent doppelganger, the porcupine, but in truth they are completely different creatures and the only superficial resemblance is their spines. Echidnas are much smaller egg-laying mammals (monotreme) similar to the platypus – in fact, these two are the only monotremes, all other mammals give birth to live young. In contrast to the porcupine, they are toothless, have no nipples and the male Echidnas even have a bizarre, four-headed penis!
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