Denmark’s officials plan to kill all mink in the country’s fur farms to help curb the spread of a coronavirus mutation
Henning Bagger / EPA-EFE / Shutterstock
The Danish government ordered the slaughter of all mink bred in the country after a mutated form of the coronavirus was discovered in the animals. It has already spread to humans.
What do we know about the situation in Denmark?
According to a report by the Danish newspaper Berlingske, 207 mink farms have seen infections with coronavirus. Authorities have failed to contain the virus and all 17 million minks in Denmark are now being killed, Danish Prime Minister Mette Frederiksen said at a November 5 press conference. Denmark has the world’s largest mink industry.
The Danish Prime Minister described the mutated virus as “a serious risk to public health and vaccine development”. Health Minister Magnus Heunicke told the press conference, however, that there are still no signs that the mutated virus is causing more serious symptoms of Covid-19.
Some areas of northern Jutland – the region of Denmark that connects to mainland Europe – are being isolated to stop the virus from spreading to humans. Frederiksen said a “mutated” virus was identified on five farms and infected 12 people with it.
What kind of mutant?
We don’t know for sure. There is no scientific publication about it. According to the newspaper report, the Danish State Serum Institute says the virus is sufficiently different from other circulating strains to mean that a vaccine may not work against it, although there is no information on the institute’s website and there is not yet any information on New’s Scientist has responded to requests for comment. So far it has been believed that all circulating strains are so similar that a single vaccine will immunize against all of them.
The newspaper also said that the 12 infected “were found to have an abnormal response to antibodies”. It is not clear what this means. It could be a mistranslation of the “antibody response” which could mean that the 12 people are producing antibodies that were not previously visible. This would bolster claims that the mutated virus could evade a vaccine.
Can Mink Really Catch the Coronavirus?
Yes. There are already scientific reports that mink is caught by humans in the Netherlands. And more than 90,000 minks were killed in Aragon, Spain in June after the virus was discovered in fur farms.
Can mink pass it on to people?
Yes. One of these reports from the Netherlands is that at least one worker on a mink farm caught the virus from the animals. The worker showed only mild respiratory disease.
What do scientists say?
Francois Balloux, Professor of Genetics at University College London (UCL), took to Twitter to describe the report as “very problematic”. He said his colleague Lucy van Dorp from UCL has already documented numerous coronavirus mutants that appear repeatedly in mink and none of which are of any concern to humans. Claiming that this strain could be resistant to a vaccine was “idiotic,” he said. Such mutations could appear in humans once we have a vaccine, but not appear in the mink, he said.
Other scientists agreed with his views. James Wood of Cambridge University in the UK said he understood that the mutation is due to the spike protein the virus uses to enter cells and which induces an antibody response. “However, the actual effects of the changes in the spike protein have not yet been assessed by the international scientific community and are therefore unclear. It’s too early to say the change will cause either vaccines or immunity to fail, ”he said in a statement.
Ian Jones, a virologist at the University of Reading in the UK, said it was not surprising that the virus had mutated as it had to adapt to minks. Denmark’s precautionary measures would make the new virus less likely to spread widely in humans, he said in a statement.
Is the virus likely to spread to other animals?
Yes very. More than 60 species of mammals are known to be definitely or likely to be susceptible, from gorillas and chimpanzees to foxes, yaks, giant pandas, and koalas. Even some whales, dolphins and seals can catch it.
Why didn’t anyone see that coming?
We made. Even before this happened, virologists were concerned about reverse spillover, where people pass the virus on to pets or wild animals. This could be a problem for the animals as some species get sick and die. It could also mean trouble for us as animals become a new reservoir of viruses and the pandemic could be even harder to control. Animals could also be a melting pot for the virus to mutate into another novel coronavirus.
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